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 The ancient city of Ayutthaya,or Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya,The Thai capital for 417 years, is one of Thailand's major tourist attractions.Many ancient ruins and art works can be seen in a city that was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong when the Thais were forced southwards by northern neighbours.During the period of Ayutthaya being the Thai capital, 33 Kings of different dynasties ruled the kingdom until it was sacked by the Burmese in 1767.
   Ayutthaya is 76 kilometres north of Bangkok and boasts numerous magnificent ruins. Such ruins indicate that Ayutthaya was one of Indo - China's most prosperous cities. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya a Historical Park, a vast stretch of historical site in the heart of Ayutthaya city, has been included in UNESCO's list of world heritage since 13 December ,1991.
    Ayutthaya covers 2,556 square kilometres, and is administratively divided into 16 districts (Ampohes). It is conveniently accessible due to good roads and a short distance from Bangkok.

Ayutthaya Photo Album
Wat Phra Sri Sanphet Wat Phra Sri Sanphet
The royal palace was located here from the establishment of Ayutthaya in the reign of King Ramathibodi I (1350 A.D.) to the rign of King Sam Phraya (1448 A.D.). Later King Borommatrailokanat ordered a wat to be build on this site in 1448 A.D. to be used as a monastic area.
Wat ChaiwatthanaramWat Chaiwatthanaram
Wat Chaiwatthanaram, one of the most imposing ancient Buddhist monasteries, was established by the command of King Prasatthong in 1630 A.D.. It is believed that the wat is located on the site of his former home. The reason for his building this monastery was to make merit for his mother. Prince Damrong Rachanuphap noted that its architecture was similar to that of Angkor Wat and infered that the wat might have been built to commemorate the king's victory over Cambodia.
Wat Mahathat Wat Mahathat
The construction of Wat Mahathat was begun during the reign of King Borommarachathirat I in 1374 A.D. but was completed during the reign of King Ramesuan (1388-1395 A.D.). When King Songtham (1610-1628 A.D.) was in power the main prang collapsed. The restoration work on the prang was probably completed in the reign of King Prasatthong (1630-1655 A.D.) Duing the restoration the height of the prang was considerably increased.
Phra Mongkhonbophit Phra Mongkhonbophit
In the early Ayutthaya period there was no place specially used for cremations. When a King died an area would be chosen for that royal ritual. After the ceremonies had been performed the location where the cremation took place became the site of a monastery; for example. Wat Phra Ram is located where King U Thong was cremated. Only as of the reign of King Songtham is there evidence of a specific area having been reserved for this purpose.
Wat Ratchaburana
In 1424 A.D. King Intharachathirat passed away. His two sons, Chao Aye Phraya who reigned over Suphanburi, and Chao Yi Phraya who reigned over Sanburi, met in battle as each desired the throne. This took place at the approach to the Pa-Than bridge and ended with the death of both sons. A third son, Chao Sam Phraya came down from Phitsanulok and acceded to the throne where upon he declared his intention to organize a funeral for his father and his two brothers. Afterwards he ordered the building of a wat, namely Wat Ratchaburana, at the site of the cremation and at the place where his brothers fought and died he had two chedis created in which to keep their ashes.


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